what are the elements of the sacrament of matrimony?

1 Cor 7:16. 817. Gen 2:24. 1654 Spouses to whom God has not granted children can nevertheless have a conjugal life full of meaning, in both human and Christian terms. Adultery and polygamy are opposed to the sacrament of matrimony because they contradict the equal dignity of man and woman and the unity and exclusivity of married love. Since consent constitutes Matrimony, it is indispensable and irreplaceable. 1651 Toward Christians who live in this situation, and who often keep the faith and desire to bring up their children in a Christian manner, priests and the whole community must manifest an attentive solicitude, so that they do not consider themselves separated from the Church, in whose life they can and must participate as baptized persons: IV. "87 The vocation to marriage is written in the very nature of man and woman as they came from the hand of the Creator. The marital union of man and woman, which is founded and endowed with its own proper laws by the Creator, is by its very nature ordered to the communion and good of the couple and to the generation and education of children. 84 CIC, can. The sacrament of matrimony consist of the marriage contract, so that for Christians the contract and the sacrament are inseparable. Mt 19:8. It is he who gives them meaning and grants them the grace which is indispensable for living them out in conformity with his will.117 Esteem of virginity for the sake of the kingdom118 and the Christian understanding of marriage are inseparable, and they reinforce each other: 1621 In the Latin Rite the celebration of marriage between two Catholic faithful normally takes place during Holy Mass, because of the connection of all the sacraments with the Paschal mystery of Christ.120 In the Eucharist the memorial of the New Covenant is realized, the New Covenant in which Christ has united himself for ever to the Church, his beloved bride for whom he gave himself up.121 It is therefore fitting that the spouses should seal their consent to give themselves to each other through the offering of their own lives by uniting it to the offering of Christ for his Church made present in the Eucharistic sacrifice, and by receiving the Eucharist so that, communicating in the same Body and the same Blood of Christ, they may form but "one body" in Christ.122. The Church permits the physical separation of spouses when for serious reasons their living together becomes practically impossible, even though there may be hope for their reconciliation. 1645 "The unity of marriage, distinctly recognized by our Lord, is made clear in the equal personal dignity which must be accorded to man and wife in mutual and unreserved affection. The apostles taught on the beauty and significance of marriage throughout the New Testament (1 Peter 3:1-12). And the sacrament of marriage is, in a very particular sense, the sacrament of society. God himself said: "It is not good that man should be alone," and "from the beginning [he] made them male and female"; wishing to associate them in a special way in his own creative work, God blessed man and woman with the words: "Be fruitful and multiply." FC 13. In such cases the Church permits the physical separation of the couple and their living apart. In the Eastern right, the priest is the minister. It is a lifelong union, ending only with the death of one spouse. Mt 10:8; Eph 5:31. . 157 GS 48 § 1. THE CELEBRATION OF MARRIAGE. Marriage is not a purely human institution despite the many variations it may have undergone through the centuries in different cultures, social structures, and spiritual attitudes. 89 GS 47 § 1. Their relations were distorted by mutual recriminations;96 their mutual attraction, the Creator's own gift, changed into a relationship of domination and lust;97 and the beautiful vocation of man and woman to be fruitful, multiply, and subdue the earth was burdened by the pain of childbirth and the toil of work.98, 1608 Nevertheless, the order of creation persists, though seriously disturbed. 1607 According to faith the disorder we notice so painfully does not stem from the nature of man and woman, nor from the nature of their relations, but from sin. 143 Cf. Jn 2:1-11. CIC, can. . The seven sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase, healing and mission to the Christian's life of faith. As Fr. Gen 2:22; 3:16b. In the sacrament of Matrimony, the outward sign is the exchange of marital consent on the part of a baptized man and a baptized woman. The Church manifests an attentive solicitude toward such people and encourages them to a life of faith, prayer, works of charity and the Christian education of their children. In the Old Testament the polygamy of patriarchs and kings is not yet explicitly rejected. "128 This consent that binds the spouses to each other finds its fulfillment in the two "becoming one flesh."129. For man is created in the image and likeness of God who is himself love.90 Since God created him man and woman, their mutual love becomes an image of the absolute and unfailing love with which God loves man. "123 It is therefore appropriate for the bride and groom to prepare themselves for the celebration of their marriage by receiving the sacrament of penance. The chief duties of husband and … 154 FC 19. 136 GS 49 § 3. It is by following Christ, renouncing themselves, and taking up their crosses that spouses will be able to "receive" the original meaning of marriage and live it with the help of Christ.109 This grace of Christian marriage is a fruit of Christ's cross, the source of all Christian life. 1647 The deepest reason is found in the fidelity of God to his covenant, in that of Christ to his Church. 1655 Christ chose to be born and grow up in the bosom of the holy family of Joseph and Mary. 86 1 Cor 7:39; cf. 1626 The Church holds the exchange of consent between the spouses to be the indispensable element that "makes the marriage. 111 Cf. 114 Cf. This is a reasonable timeframe to engage in the elements both practically and thoughtfully. 121 Cf. The "intimate union of marriage, as a mutual giving of two persons, and the good of the children, demand total fidelity from the spouses and require an unbreakable union between them."157. THE SEVEN SACRAMENTS OF THE CHURCH, CHAPTER THREE 147 LG 11 § 2. 172 FC 85; cf. Gen 2:18; Mt 19:4; Gen 1:28. 159 Cf. 169 LG 11. 1648 It can seem difficult, even impossible, to bind oneself for life to another human being. The Church does not have the power to contravene this disposition of divine wisdom.146, 1641 "By reason of their state in life and of their order, [Christian spouses] have their own special gifts in the People of God. "The well-being of the individual person and of both human and Christian society is closely bound up with the healthy state of conjugal and family life. Acts 16:31; Acts 11:14. CIC, can. In the tradition of the Eastern Churches, the priests (bishops or presbyters) are witnesses to the mutual consent given by the spouses,124 but for the validity of the sacrament their blessing is also necessary.125. However, God in his infinite mercy gives to man and woman the grace to bring the union of their lives into accord with the original divine plan. What appears good only in comparison with evil would not be truly good. Eph 5:32. CIC, can. - Sacramental marriage is a liturgical act. THE SACRAMENTS AT THE SERVICE OF COMMUNION, 1601 "The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life, is by its nature ordered toward the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring; this covenant between baptized persons has been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament. 110 Eph 5:25-26,31-32; Cf. LG 42; PC 12; OT 10. Since it signifies and communicates grace, marriage between baptized persons is a true sacrament of the New Covenant..112. 1055 § 1; cf. This is a great mystery, and I mean in reference to Christ and the Church. They arise from the fact that the separation of Christians has not yet been overcome. CIC, can. Gen 3:21. John Hardon explains in his Pocket Catholic Dictionary, there are four elements common to natural marriage throughout history: 1. God who is love and who created man and woman for love has called them to love. GE 3. LG 41. Gen 2:18-25. Council of Trent: DS 1799). 117 Cf. 98 Cf. It is also a public statement about God: the loving union of husband and wife speaks of family values and also God's values. 91 Gen 1:28; cf. The most excellent good is something even better than what is admitted to be good. 1151-1155. 131 Cf. '"91, 1605 Holy Scripture affirms that man and woman were created for one another: "It is not good that the man should be alone. The Church, since she is faithful to her Lord, cannot recognize the union of people who are civilly divorced and remarried. It is also necessary for the Catholic party to accept the obligation, of which the non-Catholic party has been advised, to persevere in the faith and to assure the baptism and Catholic education of their children. In our present rite, several elements recall that early stage of the celebration of marriage: the ceremony of the "Crowning" starts, as does the Liturgy, with the exclamation "Blessed is the Kingdom," and the rite itself includes such elements as the singing of the "Our Father" followed by the couple's participation in a common cup of wine. Their distinctions remain, and yet in their marriage we find that there is something there that is greater than the sum of the persons involved. 101 Cf. Thus, sacramental marriage imparts a permanent moral effect that renders the Sacrament of Matrimony incapable of repetition during the lives of the contracting parties. 148 LG 11 § 2; cf. "89, 1604 God who created man out of love also calls him to love the fundamental and innate vocation of every human being. 1628 The consent must be an act of the will of each of the contracting parties, free of coercion or grave external fear.130 No human power can substitute for this consent.131 If this freedom is lacking the marriage is invalid. These renounce the great good of Matrimony to concentrate on the things of the Lord and seek to please him. GS 22. 1057 § 1. "140 It is a great joy for the Christian spouse and for the Church if this "consecration" should lead to the free conversion of the other spouse to the Christian faith.141 Sincere married love, the humble and patient practice of the family virtues, and perseverance in prayer can prepare the non-believing spouse to accept the grace of conversion. "153 They "are called to grow continually in their communion through day-to-day fidelity to their marriage promise of total mutual self-giving. According to the original divine plan this conjugal union is indissoluble, as Jesus Christ affirmed: “What God has joined together, let no man put asunder” (Mark 10:9). 155 GS 49 § 2. 2,8,6-7:PL 1,1412-1413; cf. They will lead Christian lives especially by educating their children in the faith. Anyone besides the priest, pope, arch bishops can marry as long as they can be happy together forever. For the same reason, they cannot exercise certain ecclesial responsibilities. . 142 Cf. 1631 This is the reason why the Church normally requires that the faithful contract marriage according to the ecclesiastical form. There are seven: Baptism, Confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony. Christ not only restored the original order of matrimony but raised it to the dignity of a sacrament, giving spouses a special grace to live out their marriage as a symbol of Christ’s love for his bride the Church: “Husbands, love your wives as Christ loves the Church” (Ephesians 5:25). 132 Cf. The bond with him takes precedence over all other bonds, familial or social.113 From the very beginning of the Church there have been men and women who have renounced the great good of marriage to follow the Lamb wherever he goes, to be intent on the things of the Lord, to seek to please him, and to go out to meet the Bridegroom who is coming.114 Christ himself has invited certain persons to follow him in this way of life, of which he remains the model: 1619 Virginity for the sake of the kingdom of heaven is an unfolding of baptismal grace, a powerful sign of the supremacy of the bond with Christ and of the ardent expectation of his return, a sign which also recalls that marriage is a reality of this present age which is passing away.116. 3. To heal the wounds of sin, man and woman need the help of the grace that God in his infinite mercy never refuses them.99 Without his help man and woman cannot achieve the union of their lives for which God created them "in the beginning.". What are the elements of marriage? This is the consequence of the gift of themselves which they make to each other. CIC, can. It excludes a union with … 99 Cf. 112 Cf. Christian marriage in its turn becomes an efficacious sign, the sacrament of the covenant of Christ and the Church. 1086. Disparity of cult can further aggravate these difficulties. The Catholic Church distinguishes between a legal marriage and the Sacrament of Matrimony. Hos 1-3; Isa 54; 62; Jer 2-3; 31; Ezek 16; 23; Mal 2:13-17. 1630 The priest (or deacon) who assists at the celebration of a marriage receives the consent of the spouses in the name of the Church and gives the blessing of the Church. The Christian community is called to help these persons live out their situation in a Christian manner and in fidelity to their marriage bond which remains indissoluble.159. . GS 48 § 1). 129 Gen 2:24; cf. In the epiclesis of this sacrament the spouses receive the Holy Spirit as the communion of love of Christ and the Church.126 The Holy Spirit is the seal of their covenant, the ever available source of their love and the strength to renew their fidelity. "94 The Lord himself shows that this signifies an unbreakable union of their two lives by recalling what the plan of the Creator had been "in the beginning": "So they are no longer two, but one flesh."95. 10,1:PG 48,540; Cf. 1125. THE CELEBRATION OF THE CHRISTIAN MYSTERY, SECTION TWO John Paul II, FC 16. Gen 1:27; 1 Jn 4:8, 16. . 135 Cf. CIC, can. Eph 5:31-32. In fidelity to the words of Jesus Christ - "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery"160 the Church maintains that a new union cannot be recognized as valid, if the first marriage was. Reconciliation through the sacrament of Penance can be granted only to those who have repented for having violated the sign of the covenant and of fidelity to Christ, and who are committed to living in complete continence. 149 GS 48 § 2. 92 Gen 2:18. It is also a public statement about God: the loving union of husband and wife speaks of family values and also God's values. Veils: The veil symbolises the love to his/her wife/husband Coins/Arrhae: The coins are used to symbolise wealth and blessing for the couple Bible: The bible symbolises the husbands acceptance of the role being the spiritual leader of the family. 138 Cf. 1057 § 2. FC 28. God helped his people above all through the teaching of the Law and the Prophets to deepen progressively their understanding of the unity and indissolubility of marriage. 100 Gen 3:16, 19. The promise made between a man and a woman before God and the Church, which forms a binding bond unto death as a couple committed to each other Who administers the sacrament of Matrimony? In celebrating the sacrament of Holy Matrimony, Christians proclaim the communion of love between Christ and the Church and ask God’s blessing on the new couple that their nuptial union might be the sacramental sign of this same love. GS 48 § 1. In other words the couple who are getting married administer the … 1635 According to the law in force in the Latin Church, a mixed marriage needs for liceity the express permission of ecclesiastical authority.137 In case of disparity of cult an express dispensation from this impediment is required for the validity of the marriage.138 This permission or dispensation presupposes that both parties know and do not exclude the essential ends and properties of marriage; and furthermore that the Catholic party confirms the obligations, which have been made known to the non-Catholic party, of preserving his or her own faith and ensuring the baptism and education of the children in the Catholic Church.139. The Church is nothing other than "the family of God." CIC, can. 168 LG 11; cf. Lk 14:26; Mk 10:28-31. 123 FC 67. "Just as of old God encountered his people with a covenant of love and fidelity, so our Savior, the spouse of the Church, now encounters Christian spouses through the sacrament of Matrimony. Prayerful preparation, discernment, discussion and learning about oneself and one another is … This makes it all the more important to proclaim the Good News that God loves us with a definitive and irrevocable love, that married couples share in this love, that it supports and sustains them, and that by their own faithfulness they can be witnesses to God's faithful love. 165 Cf. 140 1 Cor 7:14. 127 CIC, can. 828. “Whoever divorces his wife and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if she divorces her husband and marries another, she commits adultery” (Mark 10:11-12). He worked his first miracle at a wedding (John 3:1-11) and he taught that marriage in the New Covenant is permanent and holy (Matthew 19:3-9).. The only sacramentally essential element of the Rite of Marriage is the exchange of consent. 1606-1608. "171 Here one learns endurance and the joy of work, fraternal love, generous - even repeated - forgiveness, and above all divine worship in prayer and the offering of one's life. FC 19. The spouses are the ministers of the sacrament of marriage because the mark—the external sign—of the sacrament is not the wedding Mass or anything the priest might do but the marriage contract itself. "166 When they were converted, they desired that "their whole household" should also be saved.167 These families who became believers were islands of Christian life in an unbelieving world. Through the sacrament, the indissolubility of marriage receives a new and deeper meaning. They are not separated from the Church, but they cannot receive Eucharistic communion. Eph 5:26-27. "110, 1617 The entire Christian life bears the mark of the spousal love of Christ and the Church. Marriage, SACRAMENT OF.—That Christian marriage (i.e. By its very nature it is ordered to the good of the couple, as well as to the generation and education of children. 144 GS 48 § 1. 1644 The love of the spouses requires, of its very nature, the unity and indissolubility of the spouses' community of persons, which embraces their entire life: "so they are no longer two, but one flesh. Because of original sin, which caused a rupture in the God-given communion between man and woman, the union of marriage is very often threatened by discord and infidelity. GS 47 § 2. Christ himself elevated the natural institution of marriage to the dignity of a sacrament during his public ministry. Acts 18:8. A sacrament, as we know, is an outward sign that confers an inner grace. 96 Cf. "152, The unity and indissolubility of marriage. 1616 This is what the Apostle Paul makes clear when he says: "Husbands, love your wives, as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her, that he might sanctify her," adding at once: "'For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one. 133 Cf. It aims at a deeply personal unity, a unity that, beyond union in one flesh, leads to forming one heart and soul; it demands indissolubility and faithfulness in definitive mutual giving; and it is open to fertility. The punishments consequent upon sin, "pain in childbearing" and toil "in the sweat of your brow,"100 also embody remedies that limit the damaging effects of sin. THE EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF MATRIMONY, 1638 "From a valid marriage arises a bond between the spouses which by its very nature is perpetual and exclusive; furthermore, in a Christian marriage the spouses are strengthened and, as it were, consecrated for the duties and the dignity of their state by a special sacrament. Gen 1:26-27. "For there are eunuchs who have been so from birth, and there are eunuchs who have been made eunuchs by men, and there are eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the kingdom of heaven. Parents are the principal and first educators of their children.164 In this sense the fundamental task of marriage and family is to be at the service of life.165. 1665 The remarriage of persons divorced from a living, lawful spouse contravenes the plan and law of God as taught by Christ. 1656 In our own time, in a world often alien and even hostile to faith, believing families are of primary importance as centers of living, radiant faith. 97 Cf. Hence, true married love and the whole structure of family life which results from it, without diminishment of the other ends of marriage, are directed to disposing the spouses to cooperate valiantly with the love of the Creator and Savior, who through them will increase and enrich his family from day to day. As to the dignity of a sacrament ( cf establish impediments, including diriment impediments which invalidate a and! Unity, indissolubility, and completed by communion in Jesus Christ what are the elements of the sacrament of matrimony? given the... Marriage receives a new union the Christian home is the minister experiences evil around him and within himself Creator eyes. Their marriage promise of total mutual self-giving care any religious vocation. `` 169 for validity elements to. Of Christians has not forsaken sinful man are four elements common to natural marriage throughout history:.! 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Yet explicitly rejected the celebration of marriage with disparity of cult ( between a Catholic and a person... Conditions of poverty be underestimated, even impossible, to bind oneself for life another! Of children man experiences evil around him and within himself as Christ loved the Church reference!

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