When Claudius requests of Gertrude, “Sweet Gertrude, leave us too; / For we have closely sent for Hamlet hither,” Gertrude responds submissively, “I shall obey you.”. The classical and world-renowned Shakespearean play Hamlet has two very prominent and important female characters as the main roles, Ophelia and Gertrude. First we have Ophelia. Throughout the play, Hamlet’s relationships between the mother of Hamlet and him are deteriorating. © The Teaching Company, LLC. Also, Hamlet uses Ophelia as the tool of her revenge against his mother, Gertrude. The audience learn through the other characters that Hamlet has shown affections towards Ophelia; whether they are genuine and lasting feelings is uncertain as Leartes advices Ophelia that they are not. Relationship between Ophelia, Hamlet and Laertes In the play Hamlet, from the opening, Shakespeare uses the influence of dialogue to show the noticeable ill-treatment of Ophelia through the arrogant tone and improper speech of her father and brother. There is discussion of love letters and their relationship, but it doesn't happen in real time. Shakespeare presents Hamlet’s and Gertrude’s relationship as a crucial factor for the plot of the play. When Hamlet accidentally kills Ophelia’s father, and she becomes mad, Gertrude tries to calm her. This essay will inform the reader about their similarities or likeness. After the “play within a play” Gertrude asks to see her son, who comes immediately – but not in a good humor. Ophelia is the daughter of Polonius (The Lord high chamberlain of the Danish royal court), and sister of Laerte’s. Ophelia is interfered with in her love-life by her brother Laertes, her father Polonius and by Hamlet himself. Info: 1834 words (7 pages) Essay This stresses Gertrude's role throughout as a mother who is trying to reconfigure her family around her new husband. Hamlet and Ophelia's Relationship Hamlet is one of the longest plays that William Shakespeare wrote. He says to Ophelia, “get thee to a nunnery” to escape her slanderous reputation and live a chaste life. G. Blakemore Evans. She is Hamlet's girlfriend, although they don't seem to get along very well in the play. Another experience which both Ophelia and Gertrude have in common is that they are both attacked verbally by Hamlet. A woman’s character can be revealed in interactions with another woman or what she says about them. Gertrude and Ophelia are the only two females in Hamlet and they both have relationships with him. / These words like daggers enter in my ears. Likewise, when Queen Gertrude later drinks from the poisoned cup on the occasion of the Laertes-Hamlet contest of foils, she experiences a quick, quiet death: “No, no, the drink, the drink,–O my dear Hamlet,– / The drink, the drink! However, Hamlet’s behavior turns her mad, and she finally drowns because of that. English Literature. She is traumatized by Hamlet’s visit after the ghost’s appearance, when he has assumed the “antic disposition,” with “his doublet all unbraced; / No hat upon his head; his stockings foul’d,” and other aspects which make him appear as one “loosed out of hell.” Frank Kermode says that this “antic disposition” is a foil to Ophelia’s coming madness (1137). Forty-five of Gertrude’s lines are either addressed to Ophelia or concerned with Ophelia. It is a tragedy play that took a placein Kingdom of Denmark. She is presented “almost entirely as a victim” (Boklund 123).Gertrude is intruded upon in her relationship with Claudius – by Hamlet, by Laertes and by Claudius. Also, Gertrude reports Ophelia’s death in one of the most lovely, poignant, poetic speeches in all of Shakespeare. He spews all his aggression, from his mother, uncle, his father’s death, and the newly-discovered scheme, on Ophelia. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern leave. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Gertrude and Ophelia has a steady relationship with each other. The conversation goes on until she says, “I do not know, my lord, what I should think.” Polonius replies to her, “Marry, I will teach you,” after telling her that she should not believe Hamlet’s love like a “green girl.”. Polonius asks, “Mad for thy love?” and Ophelia responds, “My lord, I do not know; / But truly, I do fear it.” This is a time of uncertainty for her, for she has invested herself heavily in “the love for Hamlet, and her filial love” (Coleridge 353). The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Also, Gertrude reports Ophelia’s death in one of the most lovely, poignant, poetic speeches in all of Shakespeare. Polonius and Claudius then begin their pl… Gertrude is the queen of Denmark and also the mother to hamlet, and Ophelia is the daughter of Polonius, sister to Laertes and hamlet’s love. But Gertrude’s relationship Hamlet starts off as unhappy and ends with death. Gertrude and Ophelia are the only two females in Hamlet and they both have relationships with him. He accuses her of changing the face that God has given her, like other women, and treats her brutally. Summary Scene 1. Another similarity between these two lady-characters is that they suffer from a severing of the bonds of family and friends. Ophelia being under the control of her father, brother and the chauvinistic Hamlet and Gertrude, although she makes great efforts to appear strong, under the control of King Claudius. Hamlet is disappointed by the women around him: his mother has married the murderer of his father, and his beloved is conspiring against him. Both Gertrude and Ophelia provide him with love but are absent at a time when he needs it most; during the reign of his madness. VAT Registration No: 842417633. Ophelia is the daughter of Polonius (The Lord high chamberlain of the Danish royal court), and sister of Laerte’s. this essay I’m going to discuss the Hamlet’s madness jeopardizes his relationship with Ophelia and Gertrude. N. pag. She refers to her father’s death and Hamlet’s behavior, and finally, her sad fate with, “Lord, we know what we are, but know not what we may be.”. Learn more about the religious drama of Hamlet. Seek for thy noble father in the dust. (1.2), Likewise does she ask that the prince remain with the family: “Let not thy mother lose her prayers, Hamlet, / I pray thee stay with us, go not to Wittenberg.” Later, when the hero’s supposed “madness” is the big concern, Gertrude lovingly sides with her husband in the analysis of her son’s condition: “I doubt it is no other but the main, / His father’s death and our o’erhasty marriage.” She confides her family-supporting thoughts to Ophelia: “And for your part, Ophelia, I do wish / That your good beauties be the happy cause / Of Hamlet’s wildness,” thereby attempting to keep a loving relationship with the young lady of the court, even though the latter is of a lower social stratum. The just relationship between Hamlet and Horatio also really helped the play, Hamlet, play out with true feelings and …show more content… Hamlet's human relationships with the ghost, Gertrude, Claudius, Ophelia, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern were all very just and deserving. Gertrude is vital in fuelling Hamlet’s hatred of women as well as his drive for revenge. O, where?” seems out of place, since the most logical question from a loved one would be, “How?” or “Why?” The queen replies that “her garments, heavy with their drink, / Pull’d the poor wretch from her melodious lay / To muddy death.” Laertes says briefly, “Alas, then, she is drown’d?” and the queen even more briefly, “Drown’d, drown’d.” Until the reaction of Laertes and Hamlet in the grave, Ophelia’s passing seems to go almost unnoticed. Gertrude and Ophelia When Hamlet accidentally kills Ophelia’s father, and she becomes mad, Gertrude tries to calm her. Instead of being honest with Ophelia, Hamlet uses her to perpetuate his negative stereotypes about women. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Gertrude has only 70 lines in the play, but her interactions with Ophelia reveal a lot about her character. Hamlet expresses a lot of concern regarding both Gertrude and Ophelia’s morality and views women in general as deceitful because of Gertrude’s quick marriage to Claudius after the death of his father. As the incestuous desire between Ophelia and Laertes is subtle, it would not be looked at with disgust, and may dismiss it as brotherly love. She tries to pull Hamlet in and to smooth over any rupture that might exist. “Hamlet.” Essays on Shakespeare. Like Juliet, Ophelia cannot find a way out of the prison her world has become. However, it resulted in Ophelia’s madness and suicide. Two of the main characters are Ophelia and Gertrude, Hamlet’s beloved, and his mother. Gertrude and Ophelia. Her respect for the opinions of immediate family is greater than her respect for her own opinions even in the matter of her courtship. According to Hamlet, his mother betrayed not only his father but also the love and the marriage his parents shared. “Hamlet’s cold-heartedness proves to be too much a burden for Ophelia” who loves Hamlet with all her heart (Bierman 1). When Hamlet accidentally kills Ophelia’s father, and she becomes mad, Gertrude tries to calm her. Ophelia represents femininity in Hamlet. Disgusted by Gertrude marrying Claudius so soon after his father’s death, Hamlet becomes distrustful of women, obsessed with the connection he believes exists between female sexuality and corruption. Both Ophelia and Gertrude are victimized by male influences in the play. Polonius insists that she “from this time forth” not “give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet,” and Ophelia dutifully complies with his wishes: “I shall obey, my lord.” She later even gives him her love-letters from Hamlet. Almost as bad, good mother,/As kill a king and marry with his brother.” This alarms the queen, who blurts out, “As kill a king!” in her appalled mental state, shortly followed by “What have I done, that thou dar’st wag thy tongue/In noise so rude against me?” Hamlet leaves the queen in an emotionally spent condition: “I have no life to breathe / What thou hast said to me.”. Gertrude’s unrefined actions change Hamlet’s perception of love towards others. Contextually the image of a mermaid was overtly sexual, and paints a picture of Ophelia as a siren who lures Hamlet into peril. In recognition of this delicacy, the ghost asks the protagonist to disregard revenge on Gertrude: “Taint not thy mind, nor let thy soul contrive / Against thy mother aught.” Ophelia’s delicacy is revealed in the appearance of her insanity and later death resulting from the loss of her father and the affection of her boyfriend. Hamlet’s brutal behavior with Ophelia borders him on some sort of madness. FROM THE LECTURE SERIES: How to Read and Understand Shakespeare. Throughout the play Hamlet is questioning Gertrude’s love for him and his father which cause their once steady relationship to shaken. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1974. Gertrude’s remarriage… According to Hamlet, his mother betrayed not only his father but also the love and the marriage his parents shared. Regardless of how Shakespeare was inspired to create these strong and complex female characters, women have always played crucial roles in this great playwright’s works. Harmonizing to the commentary of Michelle Haller entitled “Hamlet and Ophelia” stated that “Gertrude and Claudius have an impact on the relationship of Ophelia and Hamlet due to the ground that it was Claudius incestuous relationship with Gertrude. Boklund, Gunnar. She is the daughter of Polonius, the sister of Laertes, and up until the beginning of the play’s events, she has also been romantically involved with Hamlet. Hamlet’s Relationship with Ophelia. She breaks her silence when madness strikes her, and her words reveal a lot about the play. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! New York: The Dial Press, 1970. Leartes asks Ophelia to ‘hold it a fashion, and a toy in blood;/ When she agrees to help Claudius and Polonius find out why Hamlet pretends to be mad, she chooses the side of her father against her beloved. Ophelia being under the control of her father, brother and the chauvinistic Hamlet and Gertrude, although she makes great efforts to appear strong, under the control of King Claudius. As to a surprise, they are similar in many ways. She considers Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to be friends of her son, and only for that reason sends them to learn about him; she would never use them as Claudius later does in an attempt to murder Hamlet. In similar fashion does Ophelia manifest great familial affection, agreeing to comply with the advice of her brother Laertes: “I shall the effect of this good lesson keep / As watchman to my heart.” When her father, Polonius, makes inquiry regarding the “private time” which Hamlet has been giving to Ophelia, she replies unreservedly, “He hath, my lord, of late made many tenders / Of his affection to me,” and elaborates mightily on the subject. Shakespeare always has the appearance versus reality theme in his plays, and this is another realization of it. Ophelia drowned herself as reaping flower in the riverside. They do mention, however, that Hamlet was very enthusiastic about the players’ performance that night, which prompts Claudius to agree to attend the play. In this way, Ophelia like Gertrude is very stereotypical of the age in the way she serves and is oppressed by the men in her life. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. God buy you.” Next, she drowns herself. The relationship between Gertrude and Hamlet is never made completely clear during the play. Hamlet: Ophelia and Gertrude Ophelia and Gertrude, two different women who seem to be trapped in the same situation when it comes to Hamlet. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! Ophelia’s relationships with these men restrict her agency and eventually lead to her death. Apart from Hamlet, other main characters of the story are Queen Gertrude who is the mother of Hamlet, Claudius who is his uncle and successor of the throne after the death of the King, Polonius who is Lord Chamberlain and Ophelia. Burton, Philip. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. He is in the same mood when he confronts his mother and gets so angry about her sexual life that the ghost appears again to stop him from harming his mother. Gertrude protects Claudius Gertrude is always defending Claudius. Within literary criticism, scholars are usually concurrent in their view of Ophelia and Gertrude’s ‘frailty’. When Hamlet asks her where her father is, and she answers “at home,” he finds out that Ophelia is betraying him. Her close relationships to the central male characters mean that she is a key figure within the narrative. Ophelia in Hamlet does not share the leading role occupied by the female title characters in other Shakespearean dramas such as Romeo and Juliet and Anthony and Cleopatra. Gertrude, Hamlet's mother and the Queen of Denmark is married to Claudius, who is suspected by Hamlet to have killed his father, King Hamlet, who is … Gertrude and Ophelia are the only female characters in the play, and their characters are formed by their interactions with Hamlet. I am poison’d.” And there is no more to the matter, possibly because everyone else is dying at the same time. All rights reserved. When she acts as a decoy so that Polonius and Claudius can observe the prince, resulting in Ophelia’s chastisement by the protagonist, she nevertheless keeps him as the main focus in her life: “O, what a noble mind is here o’erthrown!” Her love for brother, father, boyfriend, and others generally, override her love of self. First we have Ophelia. Ophelia and Gertrude have no real Autonomy, they are at the mercy of Hamlet, Claudius, Rodrigo, and Laertes moods to define their moods, and when the men are in conflict the women suffer, which is death in this case. It is quite obvious that both Gertrude and Ophelia are both motivated by love and a desire for quiet familial harmony among the members of their society in Elsinore. After a short while, Hamlet begins to mistreat Ophelia to the extent that she loses her senses. Hamlet and His Mother. Ophelia is the princess that Hamlet is in love with and supposed to marry. This is shown through Hamlet’s damaged relationship with Ophelia, whom, as a consequence of his mother’s actions, he is incapable of trusting. Ophelia’s role in the play revolves around her relationships with three men. / No, no, he is dead, / Go to thy death-bed, / He never will come again. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. When the prince suspects that Ophelia is a lure (Coleridge 362), he lambasts her with: “Or, if thou wilt needs marry, marry a fool; for wise men know well enough what monsters you make of them. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The two reply that they have not been able to find its cause. Go thy ways to a nunnery.” The severance of the ties with Hamlet cause her to pray for help: “O, help him, you sweet heavens!” and “O heavenly powers, restore him!” and “O, woe is me, / To have seen what I have seen, see what I see!” Later, as the Mousetrap begins, Ophelia readily consents (“Lady, shall I lie in your lap?”) to Hamlet’s resting his head on her lap: “Ay, my lord,” hoping to somewhat restore a dying relationship along with the hero’s sanity. Shakespeare, William. Gertrude’s unrefined actions change Hamlet’s perception of love towards others. Gertrude and Ophelia In Shakespeare’s play Hamlet, the only two women in the play are Hamlet’s mother Gertrude and Hamlet’s love interest Ophelia. Both Ophelia and Gertrude possess complex temperament and motivation, thus qualify as rounded, not flat or two-dimensional, characters (Abrams 33). Ophelia’s final words are addressed to either Hamlet, or her father, or even herself and her lost innocence: “And will a not come again? Ophelia and Gertrude have no real Autonomy, they are at the mercy of Hamlet, Claudius, Rodrigo, and Laertes moods to define their moods, and when the men are in conflict the women suffer, which is death in this case. In the beginning, we see that Hamlet has neutral relationships with her. “Hamlet.” The Riverside Shakespeare. An entourage consisting of the king and queen, Polonius and Ophelia, and Rosencrantz and Guildenstern enters to begin the Act. Ophelia is a passive character, mainly silent, that wants to be active. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The devious machinations of Laertes and Claudius effect the accidental death of Queen Gertrude, who imbibes the poisoned cup. She is Hamlet's girlfriend, although they don't seem to get along very well in the play. In this way, Ophelia like Gertrude is very stereotypical of the age in the way she serves and is oppressed by the men in her life. I think that Gertrude’s relationships, how she is treated by Hamlet, and indeed her sexual relationship with Hamlet would be thought of as outrageous by both audiences. . Gerald Chapman. For example, when Claudius is disturbed by Hamlet’s play,… She tries to pull Hamlet in and to smooth over any rupture that might exist. That is why it is reported by Gertrude and in such a strikingly beautiful way. Hamlet. She asks two short questions in the middle of her brother’s lines, trying to convince her not to believe Hamlet’s love, and her father’s, trying to tell her what to think. Company Registration No: 4964706. 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