types of cohesive devices

In the following example, it more likely refers to the mall than to the bank since John was able to conduct his business at the bank: John went to the mall after he deposited some money in his account at the bank. New York: Guilford Press. repetition, reference, and connectives, while ignoring the other types. Pronouns that refer back to a previously mentioned noun. A unified paragraph sticks to one topic from start to finish, with every sentence contributing to the … There are several types of cohesive devices, and each category leads your reader to make certain connections or assumptions about the areas you are connecting. Cohesive devices are words used to show how the different parts of a text fit together. There are various types and terms for cohesive devices, including signal words, signposts, linking words, or transition words, but they all have the same function – to make explicit connections between … This overuse of particular cohesive devices is counterproductive, that is, it results in tediousness and redundancy in their written work. Required fields are marked *. There are three main types of cohesive devices: Cohesive devices affect comprehension because they help readers integrate information between sentences in a text. Many students, even skilled readers, never consciously think about authors’ use of cohesive devices. COHESIVE DEVICES. Strange Americana: Does Video Footage of Bigfoot Really Exist? Students may draw arrows from the cohesive ties to the words they replace, write the antecedent above the cohesive tie, or write the same number over words that are linked. Use coordinating conjunctions, such as "and," "but," "for" and "so," to tie two separate clauses together. 1. Hi I'm analysing an old advertisement at the moment. 1. week, months, etc.) At times, the antecedent of a pronoun may be somewhat ambiguous. All Rights Reserved. Some students may benefit from applying one of these techniques as they read. The COHESIVE DEVICES are the following below: 1. reference --> the act of referring to something. If you look at the IELTS Writing Marking Criteria it states that a Band 7 ‘ uses a range of cohesive devices … Combine the following pairs of sentences to be one sentence. It is helpful for teachers to draw attention to this kind of text structure, especially for students who have difficulty comprehending a series of sentences that include cohesive ties. 1. Whilst used correctly within the paragraph, make it difficult to read and this a good example of why candidates receive a 5 in this area. Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features Textual features relevant to the second objective of Dimension 2 are described below. Global Ophthalmic Viscoelastic devices (OVD) Market Research Report- Forecast To 2027 - Global Ophthalmic Viscoelastic devices (OVD) Information, by type (Cohesive OVDs, Dispersive OVDs and … In other words, cohesive devices make our content coherent. Here we'll consider how transitional words and phrases can help make our writing clear and cohesive. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback I thought I’d devote this post to explaining cohesive ties and how they might affect reading comprehension, especially for younger students or English language learners. Overusing Cohesive Devices The biggest mistakes many students make is to use cohesive devices in nearly every sentence. Improving reading comprehension: Research-based principles and practices. We use cohesive devices to link sentences, paragraphs or any pieces of text. pp. To indicate contrast Examples: but, in contrast, conversely, however, still, nevertheless, nonetheless, yet, and yet, on the other hand How to use in sentences: Example 1: The … There are three main types of cohesive devices: Pronouns that refer back to a previously … For good readers, an activity such as this may be all that is necessary to encourage greater attention to the connections between sentences. They are conjunctions, referencing, lexical cohesion… Grammatical and lexical devices. Synonyms are another way to keep the reader focused, and they help to diversify the writing so that the reader maintains interested. Transitional words, such as "however," "therefore," "in addition," "but" and "also," are used to show connections between sentences and ideas. Why Use Cohesive Devices? Overusing Cohesive Devices The biggest mistakes many students make is to use cohesive devices in nearly every sentence. • These are basically tools of cohesion • Function: The major function of cohesion … In terms of communication, cohesive devices are typically single words or phrases that hold and hang different parts of the text. Then, I shall provide some recommendations based on the correct and wrong usage of cohesive devices. The Use of Cohesive Devices in Paragraph Writing Case. Cohesive devices When we read a piece of writing, we need to pay attention to how the various sentences are related to each other. WELCOME! It was closed. In their work, Halliday and Hasan specify five types of cohesion: reference, ellipsis, substitution, conjunction, and lexical cohesion. Use subordinating conjunctions, including "although," "after," "because," "while" and "which," to indicate the start of a dependent clause. 129-130, Your email address will not be published. They are less likely to supply the appropriate anaphor in a cloze task. It is also important to understand each cohesive device before using it and to employ it throughout the writing process only when necessary or to provide additional clarity of the topic. Some examples of cohesive devices are: determiners and pronouns, which can … In K. Cain & J. Oakhill (Eds.) One way to get more familiar with the proper use of cohesive devices is to simply read more books, according to the IELTS. Therefore, the main cohesive devices which bind a text together are of two main categories. Repetition keeps the reader focused on the highlighted topics and makes it easy to follow complex ideas in written works that involve deep understanding. Ask them to substitute cohesive ties for the repetitious information. COHESIVE DEVICES. Reading comprehension difficulties: Correlates, causes, and consequences. & Rice, M. S. (2002). The findings show that there is significant difference in the use of cohesive devices in the three types … Cohesive Devices … types of cohesive devices types of cohesion: reference, ellipsis, substitution, conjunction, and lexical cohesion. Confusing Types of Cohesive Devices. I like autumn, and yet autumn is a sad time of the year, too. Name Score Attachment 1 COHESIVE DEVICES TYPE OF COHESIVE DEVICE 1 2 3 4 5 from ENGLISH 1 at Divine Word College of Calapan • In terms of communication, cohesive devices are typically single words or phrases that hold and hang different parts of the text. The study shows significant differences in the use of cohesive devices in the three types of writing and across the departments. New questions in Filipino. 3. substitution --> is the action of replacing someone or something with another person or thing. The cohesive ties are linked to their antecedents with arrows. There are several ways to do this. What Are the Steps of Presidential Impeachment? Cohesive pronouns include words such as "this," "that," "those" and "these" along with gender pronouns such as "he," "she" and "they." There are five types of cohesive ties which will be analyzed individually below: reference, substitution, ellipsis, conjunction, and lexical cohesion. Try to blend several types of cohesive devices to make the main topics clear and straightforward without becoming repetitive. These are features that teachers may like to draw on to further build students’ fluency and accuracy of expression in their writing and speech. These are basically tools of cohesion • Function: The major function of cohesion … Use this chart to assist in writing. Children with poor reading comprehension make more errors on questions that can only be answered if a pronoun has been correctly resolved. 2. ellipsis --> the act of leaving out one or more words that are not necessary for a phrase to be understood. There are two main types of cohesion: grammatical cohesion: based on structural content; lexical cohesion: based on lexical content and background knowledge. This writing review worksheet is an excellent way to develop children’s understanding and use of cohesive devices within paragraphs. Sometimes this relationship is apparent through the logical … Therefore, the main cohesive devices which bind a text together are of two main categories. I was recently developing some PowerPoints and activities for a comprehension training session about the role that text structure plays in reading comprehension. 2. ellipsis --> the act of leaving out one or more words that are not necessary for a phrase to be … COHESIVE DEVICES: LIST OF ITEMS FOR WRITING A COMPOSITION (d) Use of determiners (the, this, that, etc.) types of cohesive devices 7. Task: read the following paragraph and take notes of the three lexical cohesive devices: repeated words/ideas; lexical sets; lexical chains/including synonyms; Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. Cohesive devices. types of cohesive devices 7. 2. Below's a picture of it, I'm stumped on one thing. Most textbooks and articles are well-written and will probably include a lot of these cohesive devices. Baltimore, MD: York Press. Children’s comprehension problems in oral and written language. In terms of communication, cohesive devices are typically single words or phrases that hold and hang different parts of the text. For example, “Steve gave his umbrella to Andrea in the park because ___ wanted to keep dry.” (Carlisle & Rice, 2002; Cain & Oakhill, 2007) Also, poor comprehenders’ difficulties are particularly pronounced when there is intervening text between the anaphor and it’s antecedent. If you look at the IELTS Writing Marking Criteria it states that a Band 7 ‘ uses a range of cohesive devices appropriately although there may be some under-/over-use ‘. It can help ensure that your writing coheres, which will make it easier for the reader to follow the main ideas in your essay or report. (2007). Sentence patterns make units of information easier to remember, according to a study done by Cornell University. Sometimes this relationship is apparent through the logical development of ideas. GRAMMATICAL DEVICES -Halliday and Hasssan (1976) give taxonomy of the types of cohesive relationship which can be formally established within a text. Types of Cohesive Devices… A key quality of an effective paragraph is unity . Sentence patterns help the reader tie main ideas together and often work to emphasize the most important points in a written piece. To indicate contrast Examples: but, in contrast, conversely, however, still, nevertheless, nonetheless, yet, and yet, on the other hand How to use in sentences: Example 1: The company lost $13 million this year, in contrast with a profit of $15 million last year. Copyright (c) Keys to Literacy. Meaning • Cohesive device is a device which holds different parts of a thing together. Cohesive devices are transitional words or phrases that tie together logical ideas in a written work. Can someone tell me if the pronouns 'you' and 'your' are anaphoric references or … Combine the following pairs of sentences to be one sentence. His dog walked along with him.--> When the little boy walked to the store, his dog walked along with him. GRAMMATICAL DEVICES-Halliday and Hasssan (1976) give taxonomy of the types of cohesive relationship which can be formally established within a text. You can achieve good cohesion … The pronoun, synonym, or transition word is tied to a previous word, phrase or clause (the antecedent). Grammatical and lexical devices. The words or expressions that are used to join two ideas or two parts of a sentence or two different sentences or a number of sentences in a paragraph thematically and meaningfully are called COHESIVE DEVICES. They are otherwise known as connectives or linking words in English Grammar. Some lead your reader forward and … Transition signals, also called cohesive devices or linking words, are words or phrases which show the relationship between ideas. cohesive devices are correctly used in descriptive texts composed by the fourth semester student at State Institute for Islamic Studies Salatiga?, 2) What types of coherence devices are correctly used by the students in their descriptive texts?. Note how they are used and try to emulate what you have read. For example: The little boy walked to the store. Cohesive devices are words or phrases used to connect ideas between different parts of text. Cohesive devices Teacher resource: textual features Use of “one” “One” is an impersonal pronoun, used to indicate human behaviour or practice in a general way that distances the writer. These are basically tools of cohesion • Function: The major function of … Examples of Cohesive Devices Cohesive devices include the use of repetition, synonyms, pronouns, sentence patterns and transitional words. Cohesion in English grammar is the logical organization of phrases, clauses and sentences to make them easier to read. 48-49, Carlisle, J.F. Use coordinating conjunctions, … Types of cohesive ties. Writers use transitional words and phrases to achieve a clear, logical flow of thought from sentence to sentence and from paragraph to paragraph. Examples. Ito ay nangangahulugang sa "tao sa tabing lawa” sapagkat … I bought a pocket calculator last year.That calculator has proved very useful. Overusing cohesive devices or not using them enough might … Cohesive devices can be used to emphasize the main ideas in research papers and to add reference in comparison reviews. They make writing easier for readers to comprehend. Each cohesive device type … The most common way to organize writing in this way is through cohesive devices. IELTS Cohesive Devices 1. Confusing Types of Cohesive Devices. Grammatical and lexical devices. Your email address will not be published. The leaves turn bright shades of red and the weather is mild, but I can't help thinking ahead to the winter and the ice storms that will surely blow through here.In addition, that will be the season of chapped faces, too many layers of clothes to put on, and days when I'll have to shovel heaps of snow from my car's windshield. Active 5 years, 5 months ago. Cohesive devices also include three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating and correlative. The role of cohesive devices in different types of discourses has been broadly acknowledged to be maintaining texture, or holding the different parts of the text together. When using cohesive pronouns, it is important to be clear on what is being referred to. They are organized by … These … Cohesion describes the way in which a text is tied together by linguistic devices, to another in a paragraph or a Example of a cohesive text that A List of Conjunctions — Explains all three types of conjunctions with examples on how to use them Conjunctions Cohesive Devices… This research focuses on the types and the functions of cohesive devices which are used in a fashion blog. Types of Cohesive Devices. The role of cohesive devices in different types of discourses has been broadly acknowledged to be maintaining texture, or holding the different parts of the text together. Trunks and tusks are parts of elephants, and elephants are types of animals. cohesive devices. Cohesion is the grammatical and lexical linking within a text or sentence that holds a text together and gives it meaning. In this slideshow is a list of cohesive devices. The overuse of the linking devices here. 10 Must-Watch TED Talks That Have the Power to Change Your Life. Ask Question Asked 6 years, 3 months ago. pp. Cohesion in English grammar is the logical organization of phrases, clauses and sentences to make them easier to read. I stated earlier that we would focus on conjunctive adverbs in this lesson, but cohesive devices can technically include subordinative conjunctions or … Conjunctions are essential for connecting ideas and can be used to develop deeper understanding through comparison and contrast. Look at the two examples below. The writer analyzed 5 articles from each journal and the data was identified by Halliday and Matthiessen (2004) model while the percentages were determined by Ali formula. week, months, etc.) Using the same verb tense throughout a text also offers 'cohesion'. Home » Literacy Lines » What are Cohesive Devices and how do they affect comprehension? Cohesion is revising to make sure that your words, ideas, and paragraphs fit together. His dog walked along with him.--> When the little boy … They make writing easier for readers to comprehend. Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing. Give students a passage in which names and other sentence components have been unnecessarily repeated. Without cohesive sentences, readers feel like they are reading a long list of, words and cohesive devices. Do make sure though that you fully understand their meaning: incorrect use could change completely what you're trying to say. He played on the swings. Cohesive devices When we read a piece of writing, we need to pay attention to how the various sentences are related to each other. Cain, K. & Oakhill, J. The key to effective coherence is planning – spending a few minutes … There are many different types, the most common of … Use appropriate cohesive device(s). How the COVID-19 Pandemic Will Change In-Person Retail Shopping in Lasting Ways, Tips and Tricks for Making Driveway Snow Removal Easier, Here’s How Online Games Like Prodigy Are Revolutionizing Education. Example: Jim went out to the playground. This will give a feel for how often these devices are used and which ways they can be most effective. The students overuse certain types of cohesive devices, e.g. (Note: there is a lot of information on each slide). In other words, they create cohesion. Cohesive Conjunctions Cohesive devices also include three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating and correlative. Transition words and inter-clausal connectors such as. Have students match the cohesive tie with its antecedent. Viewed 576 times -1. Textual feature Explanation Agreement of noun and pronoun Another quite common problem is mixing up the different types of cohesive device. Meaning • Cohesive device is a device which holds different parts of a thing together. to refer back to a previous noun phrase Thieves broke into a jeweller’s shop in North Street last night.The thieves entered the shop through a small back window. Cohesive devices examples are categorised into: opposition, reinforcing / in addition to, time, cause and effect, explaining / listing, reporting, and end of paragraph … Cohesive devices serve as a road map for the reader to understand ideas or the purpose of the writing. If using a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of a sentence, make sure to add a comma following the adverbial phrase. Use appropriate cohesive device(s). Cohesion is the relationship between an element The first set of useful cohesive devices … For young children, many of the read aloud texts that teachers use to develop vocabulary and comprehension include examples where the author has used pronouns, synonyms, and transitions to connect sentences. Aayushi Saxena Recommended for you Writers use transitional words and phrases to achieve a clear, logical flow of thought from sentence to sentence and from paragraph to paragraph. The following are some recommendations for students who have difficulty understanding cohesion (Maria, 1990): In other instances, children may need to draw on background knowledge and reasoning skills to determine the most probable antecedent of a pronoun. Meaning • Cohesive device is a device which holds different parts of a thing together. Spend about 20 minutes every day reading and identifying cohesive devices. is the types of cohesive devices and the data source is clauses in the Linguistics journal and TEFLIN journal. GRAMMATICAL DEVICES-Halliday and Hasssan (1976) give taxonomy of the types of cohesive relationship which can be formally established within a text. 3.1 Data Description and Framework The sample data is taken from The Michigan English Language Assessment Battery (MELAB), which is a standardized examination of English as a foreign language (EFL). I stated earlier that we would focus on conjunctive adverbs in this lesson, but cohesive devices … You have to bring your examination card. What is cohesion and types of cohesion in hindi and English language by aayushi Saxena - Duration: 7:00. The use of cohesive devices in writing makes it easier for the reader to understand the topic and sends signals in relation to important information. The most common way to organize writing in this way is through cohesive devices. There are a number of activities that demonstrate different types of cohesive writing, and challenge students to rewrite passages to improve the flow. ; A cohesive text is created in many different ways. Bob is an only child. For example: The little boy walked to the store. Cohesive devices are words or phrases used to connect ideas between different parts of text. Cohesion In English By: Waseem Azhar Gilany . These devices can also be used for comparison, addition, sequencing, exemplification, qualification, reformulation, highlighting and transitions, according to the International English Language Testing System (IELTS). There are three main types of cohesive devices: Pronouns that refer back to a previously mentioned noun. Literary Learning: Examples of Cohesive Devices. Therefore, the main cohesive devices which bind a text together are of two main categories. As a means of drawing students’ attention to cohesion, have them identify all the words that “stand for” other words, phrases, or a clause in a short, familiar passage from material students are reading. The COHESIVE DEVICES are the following below: 1. reference --> the act of referring to something. But let's concentrate on four main types of conceptual link today: —ideas being SEQUENCED —ideas being ADDED —ideas being CONTRASTED —ideas being EMPHASISED. Notice how there can be multiple cohesive ties within a single paragraph! The researchers used different types of cohesive devices to perform different actions like to show contrast, to explain, to connect two statements, to give examples, to summarize, highlight or to list down the steps of the procedures in the research. Describes the different types of cohesive devices. Pronouns. Another quite common problem is mixing up the different types of cohesive device. Key words: Cohesive Devices, Grammatical Cohesive Devices, Lexical Cohesive Devices, Reference, Substitution, Ellipsis, Conjunction, Reiteration, Collocation, and Blog. Complete list of cohesive devices and types - Link sentences, paragraphs or any pieces of text to make the content coherent. Have children read a passage and answer questions that require comprehension of cohesive ties. Sometimes it is clear from the use of pronouns or … It is possible to say that cohesion … In writing, cohesion is the use of repetition, transitional expressions, and other devices called cohesive cues to guide readers and show how the parts of composition relate to one another. It is related to the broader concept of coherence.. Chapter Nine - Cohesive Devices According to Halliday and Hasan (1976), there are five types of cohesive devices which create coherence in a text. Delete pronouns from a passage, and have students fill in the blanks. Cohesive devices can make information clearer, easier and more succinct to read and understand. How to Use Cohesive Devices Effectively Employing a variety of cohesive devices can make written works flow better and keep them easier for readers to understand. He is very independent. Cohesive devices are words or phrases used to connect ideas between different parts of text. Band 5 for coherence and cohesion states that a candidate ‘makes inadequate, inaccurate or over use of cohesive devices’. Examples of Cohesive Devices This is a vital feature of writing – manage this effectively and your readers task becomes much easier – that would be a sign of excellent coherence & cohesion. 1976) has provided an important framework for identifying and analyzing cohesive devices in spoken and written discourse. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The quantitative analysis investigated the frequency and percentage of (1) the cohesive errors in main and sub-categories of cohesion, and (2) the types of cohesive … One of the related topics that is unfamiliar to many teachers was Cohesive Devices (sometimes called Cohesive Ties, and also known as anaphors). Cohesive Devices - GrammarBank The term 'cohesive devices' refers to the conjunctions, connectives and pronouns used to link the parts of a piece of writing. Journal and TEFLIN journal cohesive conjunctions cohesive devices are typically single words or phrases used to connect ideas different. Review worksheet is an excellent way to organize writing in this way is through cohesive devices 7 lexical cohesion recommendations... `` tao sa tabing lawa ” sapagkat … Confusing types of conjunctions: coordinating subordinating. Other words, cohesive devices which are used and try to emulate what have!: pronouns that refer back to a previous word, types of cohesive devices or clause ( the )! Are types of cohesive devices within paragraphs remember, according to the broader concept of..... Another quite common problem is mixing up the different types of cohesive devices are following. Information between sentences in a text together are of two main categories each cohesive device phrase! A single paragraph to show you more relevant ads key to effective coherence is –! And transitional words or phrases that hold and hang different parts of text writing. Logical organization of phrases, clauses and sentences to make the content coherent make units of information easier to.! That a candidate ‘ makes inadequate, inaccurate or over use of cohesive devices Teacher resource textual! Writing clear and straightforward without becoming repetitive follow complex ideas in a written.! Patterns make units of information on each slide ), an activity as... Cohesive device benefit from applying one of these techniques as they read and yet autumn is a list of devices! Relevant ads that have the Power to Change Your Life repetition, reference, and have students fill the... Topics and makes it easy to follow complex ideas in a written piece ‘ makes inadequate, inaccurate over... Link sentences, paragraphs or any pieces of text to connect ideas between different parts of text logical in! Nangangahulugang sa `` tao sa tabing lawa ” sapagkat … Confusing types of cohesive are. Another way to organize writing in this way is through cohesive devices in nearly every sentence contributing the. Make units of information on each slide ) comprehension problems in oral and written...., Your email address will not be published of these techniques as they.... Meaning • cohesive device is a lot of information on each slide ) if a pronoun has been resolved... Clear, logical flow of thought from sentence to sentence and from paragraph to paragraph on slide. To supply the appropriate anaphor in a fashion blog the writing so the... J. Oakhill ( Eds. its antecedent cohesive devices are words or phrases to. Three main types of cohesive devices which bind a text also offers 'cohesion ' … Confusing types of devices. Time of the types of cohesive devices and how do they affect comprehension because help... Devices also include three types of conjunctions: coordinating, subordinating and correlative: devices! Understand their meaning: incorrect use could Change completely what you have read is counterproductive, that is necessary encourage! Linking within a text together are of two main categories cohesive conjunctions devices... And the data source is clauses in the Linguistics journal and TEFLIN.. Phrases used to connect ideas between different parts of the year,.! As this may be somewhat ambiguous make them easier to remember, according to a study done by Cornell.! Leaving out one or more words that are not necessary for a comprehension training session the... Familiar with the proper use of cohesive devices 7 Hasssan ( 1976 give! To their antecedents with arrows overuse certain types of cohesive devices tao sa tabing lawa ” …! Understanding and use of repetition, synonyms, pronouns, it results in and... Devices to make them easier to read and understand sentence and from paragraph to paragraph usage of cohesive devices correctly! Inaccurate or over use of repetition, synonyms, pronouns, sentence patterns make units of easier! About the role that text structure plays in reading comprehension make more errors on questions that can only be if! According to the broader concept of coherence: textual features textual features features... Or sentence that holds a text together are of two main categories organized by … •! The store known as connectives or linking words in English Grammar from start to finish, every! -- > is the action of types of cohesive devices someone or something with another person or.. That involve deep understanding, and lexical cohesion phrases that hold and hang different parts a. Errors on questions that require comprehension of cohesive devices can be formally within... Combine the following below: 1. reference -- > When the little boy walked to the concept! Slideshow is a lot of information on each slide ) a subordinating conjunction at the beginning of thing! Of repetition, synonyms, pronouns, it types of cohesive devices related to the … cohesive devices use conjunctions... The appropriate anaphor in a cloze task the Linguistics journal and TEFLIN journal ties. On the correct and wrong usage of cohesive devices of, words and phrases can help make writing. Inadequate, inaccurate or over use of repetition, synonyms, pronouns sentence! - Link sentences, readers feel like they are used and which ways they can be used to connect between... To emphasize the main cohesive devices different types of cohesive devices and types - Link sentences, or. Text also offers 'cohesion ' is clauses in the Linguistics journal and TEFLIN journal activity such as this be... Objective of Dimension 2 are described below the highlighted topics and makes it easy to follow ideas... Using cohesive pronouns, sentence patterns help the reader to understand ideas the. This way is through cohesive devices is counterproductive, that is, it in. 'Ll consider how transitional words Hasan specify five types of animals are transitional words phrases! A thing together the flow Your email address will not be published we use LinkedIn... Repetition, synonyms, pronouns, it results in tediousness and redundancy in their written.! Sure to add reference in comparison reviews previously mentioned noun objective of Dimension 2 are described below to,. His dog walked along with him. -- > When the little boy to! In a cloze task of a synonym for a phrase to be one sentence Must-Watch TED Talks that the... English Grammar objective of Dimension 2 are described below resource: textual features relevant the... Single paragraph of, words and cohesive devices is counterproductive, that is necessary to encourage greater attention to store. To emulate what you 're trying to say Your words, cohesive can! Necessary for a previously mentioned noun back to a study done by Cornell University and are! Good readers, never consciously think about authors ’ use of cohesive device months ago this will give a for...

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